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Buena Mulata Peppers – The Purple Heirloom Cayenne

Boy do we love a purple pepper. There are now countless purple and black varieties to choose from. However, one of the most striking is the buena mulata pepper.

This cayenne-type pepper was saved through generations, leading back to Horace Pippin, an artist living in Pennsylvania in the early 1920s. He collected rare seeds, and is known to have traded the fish pepper, buena mulata, and golden honey varieties.

In this article, we’ll discuss the buena mulata pepper in detail, including its appearance, heat level, flavor, and growth habits. Let’s get started!

Buena mulata pepper on plant
Unripe buena mulata pod on plant.

Appearance and Plant

Without a doubt, the most appealing trait of the buena mulata pepper is its appearance. The pods start off a pale green, almost yellow color, but quickly turn bright purple as they grow. Once they begin to ripen, the peppers turn orange, then brown, and finally to a deep crimson red.

The flowers are also beautiful, with shades of light purple and white. As a C. annuum varietiy, the flowers produce lots of pollen, making self-fertilization easy, even with indoor plants.

Buena mulata pepper flower (purple and white color)
Buena mulata pepper flower.

The peppers grow to be long and slender, around 4 inches in length, and about 1/3 inch wide. The plants produce a relatively sparse canopy, with small, thin leaves.

Our buena mulata required support from a young age, and especially once the plant was heavy with fruits. Compared to other cayenne types, the buena mulata certainly seems a bit more delicate, and not very vigorous.

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Heat Level (Scoville)

Just like most cayenne types, the buena mulata is a pretty spicy pepper variety. It isn’t among the hottest in the world, but it does pack a good punch of heat.

The buena mulata pepper ranges in heat from 30,000-50,000 SHUs on the Scoville scale. This is typical for run of the mill cayenne varieties, but the buena mulata has more ornamental charm.

While its heat level is average for a cayenne, yield is lower than other types. With this in mind, the buena mulata may not be the best choice if you are growing cayennes for large batches of sauce or powder.


Like most chiles, the buena mulata changes flavors as it ripens. So, if you pick the peppers while they are still purple (unripe), they will have a bit more of a vegetative, almost grassy flavor.

Buena Mulata pods up close on plant
2 buena mulata peppers on the plant.

After the pods have changed to their final red color (ripe), the flavor is more sweet and smoky. I would recommend waiting for fully ripe pods before picking for the best flavor. However, they are edible at all stages, and maybe the purple color is more important than flavor.

Buena Mulata Seeds and Growing

If you want your own fresh buena mulata peppers, you’ll have to grow them yourself. There are many seed sources, but the best place to buy them is on rare seeds.

As for growing, you can treat the buena mulata like any other annuum species pepper. Learn how to grow peppers from seed in our detailed article here.

I hope this article inspires you to explore the vast selection of interesting pepper varieties. The buena mulata is certainly an eye-catching variety to add to the garden, with plenty of practical uses too!

Buena Mulata pods on plant unripe

Dreaming about these bright purple beauties. The buena mulata pepper is a colorful and unique additon to the garden. #gardenvibes #gardenlife #chillvibes #colorful #relaxingvideos #prettythings #gardeningtiktok

♬ Dreamy Vibes – Ocean Bay Jazz
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One of the original Pepper Geeks! When Calvin isn’t gardening or learning more about peppers and botany, he might be traveling new places or playing some music.

Mike Edwards

Wednesday 15th of February 2023

I grew these last year, but like many of my plants that year, I didn't get many fully ripe peppers before it got cold (I'm in Zone 5). The purple color is very striking and I made a fresh sauce with them to see what the color would be but it ended up more mauve and wasn't very flavorful. I likely wouldn't grow them again but it was neat to watch them develop.


Wednesday 15th of February 2023

@Mike Edwards, I've learned that, apparently, stressing the plant out when cold season is coming can help the plant hurry up and ripen its pods. I had quite a few unripe last year as well (I'm in Canada...) so I'm looking forward to trying this out. You jap at the roots, rip off leaves, stuff like that, lol. It puts it into survival mode and it wants to make the seeds viable, which ripens the fruit.


Wednesday 23rd of March 2022

Thank you for this article! I ordered some of these seeds from a local Canadian seed purveyor.

Thanks as well for your content in general. It's my first season growing indoors and your articles and videos inspired me to try for myself and also to troubleshoot what I was doing wrong.